Anatomy & Physiology Immune #20

Question

Which piece of personal protective equipment (PPE) is required when providing care to a client who is placed on airborne transmission-based precautions?

Answers

  1. Gown
    • Rationale:

      While a gown may be needed during the provision of client care, it is not required for airborne transmission-based precautions.

  2. Gloves
    • Rationale:

      While gloves are often needed in the provision of client care, they are not specifically required for airborne transmission-based precautions.

  3. Feet coverings
    • Rationale:

      While feet coverings may be needed during the provision of client care, they are not specifically required for airborne transmission-based precautions.

  4. N95 respirator
    • Rationale:

      An N95 respirator mask is specifically required for clients who are placed in airborne precautions. Examples of communicable disease processes that require airborne transmission-based precautions include chickenpox, disseminated herpes zoster, measles, and tuberculosis (TB).

Overview

Personal protective equipment (PPE) including caps, clothing (e.g., gowns), googles, or other equipment (e.g., masks) that is designed to protect health care provider’s body infection.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The PPE that is required for client care is impacted by the type of precautions required. There are two basic types of precautions, standard and transmission-based. Transmission-based precautions, such as airborne precautions, require specific PPE to keep the practitioners safe in the provision of client care. Airborne precautions require the use of N95 respirator masks.

Test Taking Tip

While all of the PPE may be needed when providing care to a client who is placed on airborne transmission-based precautions, only one is required.

Video Rationale