Anatomy & Physiology Hematological #4

Question

Which client’s blood type is considered the universal recipient?

Answers

  1. Type A
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type A blood can receive type A and type O blood; however, they cannot receive type B blood without experiencing a transfusion reaction, which can be life-threatening.

  2. Type B
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type B blood can receive type B and type O blood; however, they cannot receive type A blood without experiencing a transfusion reaction, which can be life-threatening.

  3. Type O
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type O blood can only receive type O blood; therefore, they are often referred to as universal donors, not universal recipients.

  4. Type AB
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type AB blood can receive type A, type B, type AB, and type O blood transfusion; therefore, individuals with this blood type are referred to as universal recipients.

Overview

An individual blood type is classified by the absence, or presence, of antibodies and inherited substances located on the surface of RBCs.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The definition of a universal recipient blood type is an individual whose blood type is AB. In theory, anyone with type AB blood can receive blood from all other individuals. In other words, a person with type AB blood can receive transfusions from blood types A, B, and O.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the different blood types and how they are classified, including antibodies, antigens, and proteins when determining the correct choice for this question.

Video Rationale