Anatomy & Physiology Hematological #18


Which condition is defined as an abnormal level of platelets leading to an increased risk for bleeding?


  1. Anemia
    • Rationale:

      Anemia is defined as a blood abnormality caused by an inadequate supply of certain circulating blood cells, usually erythrocytes (i.e., red blood cells).

  2. Hemophilia
    • Rationale:

      Hemophilia is a medical condition in which the ability of the client’s blood to clot is reduced leading to hemorrhage from even a mild injury.

  3. Hyperlipidemia
    • Rationale:

      Hyperlipidemia is a medical condition where there is abnormally high concentrations of fat or lipid in the blood.

  4. Thrombocytopenia
    • Rationale:

      Thrombocytopenia is a disorder where there is a deficiency of platelets within an individual’s blood. This deficiency causes bruising and bleeding into the tissues in addition to slow blood clotting after injuries.


Hematologic diseases are disorders of the blood and/or the blood-forming organs of the human body.


Learning Outcomes

There are many disease processes that affect the hematologic system within the human body. These conditions include anemia, blood cell cancers, complications from chemotherapy or transfusions, conditions related to HIV, genetic disorders, and sickle cell disease. Thrombocytopenia can be caused by other disorders and is defined as a low level of circulating platelets in the body that can increase the likelihood of bleeding and hemorrhage.

Test Taking Tip

Use your knowledge of medical terminology to choose the correct choice for this question.

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