Anatomy & Physiology Hematological #12

Question

Which term is used to describe the potentially life threatening condition that results from a client getting the wrong blood type or blood with the wrong Rh factor?

Answers

  1. Anemia
    • Rationale:

      Anemia is defined as a blood abnormality caused by an inadequate supply of certain circulating blood cells, usually erythrocytes (i.e., red blood cells).

  2. Hemophilia
    • Rationale:

      Hemophilia is a medical condition in which the ability of the client’s blood to clot is reduced leading to hemorrhage from even a mild injury.

  3. Platelet deficiency
    • Rationale:

      Platelet deficiency, or thrombocytopenia, is defined as a low level of platelets within the blood. This condition leads to bleeding.

  4. Transfusion reaction
    • Rationale:

      A transfusion reaction occurs when an individual receives incompatible blood. This can lead to a transfusion reaction which is potentially life-threatening.

Overview

Hematologic diseases are disorders of the blood and/or the blood-forming organs of the human body.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

There are many disease processes that affect the hematologic system within the human body. These conditions include anemia, blood cell cancers, complications from chemotherapy or transfusions, conditions related to HIV, genetic disorders, and sickle cell disease. A transfusion reaction is a potentially life-threatening condition that results from a client getting the wrong blood type or blood with the wrong Rh factor during the administration of blood.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the definition for each hematologic disorder to determine the correct choice for this question.

Video Rationale