Anatomy & Physiology Hematological #11

Question

Which client has both anti-A and anti-B antibodies within the blood plasma?

Answers

  1. The client with type A blood.
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type A blood have anti-B antibodies.

  2. The client with type B blood.
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type B blood have anti-A antibodies.

  3. The client with type AB blood.
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type AB blood have no antibodies.

  4. The client with type O blood.
    • Rationale:

      Individuals with type O blood have both anti-A and anti-B antibodies.

Overview

An individual blood type is classified by the absence, or presence, of antibodies and inherited substances located on the surface of RBCs.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The definition of an antibody is a protein made by plasma cells in response to an antigen. The client with type O blood has both anti-A and anti-B antibodies. Individuals with other blood types have either anti-A antibodies, anti-B antibodies, or no antibodies at all.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the different blood types and how they are classified, including antibodies, antigens, and proteins when determining the correct choice for this question.

Video Rationale