Anatomy & Physiology Genitourinary #17

Question

Which term does the nurse use to document a client’s urine output that is less than 30 mL/hour?

Answers

  1. Anuria
    • Rationale:

      Anuria is the absence of urine production; therefore, this is not the term the nurse uses to document a client’s urine output that is less than 30 mL/hour.

  2. Oliguria
    • Rationale:

      Oliguria is defined as the production of an abnormally small amount of urine; therefore, this is the correct term for the nurse to use when documenting this client’s urine output.

  3. Polyuria
    • Rationale:

      Polyuria is the term used when urine output is greater than 2,000 mL/day; therefore, this is not the term the nurse uses to document a client’s urine output that is less than 30 mL/hour.

  4. Enuresis
    • Rationale:

      Enuresis is defined as involuntary urination that often occurs in children at night; therefore, this is not the term the nurse uses to document a client’s urine output that is less than 30 mL/hour.

Overview

Urine output is often measured to monitor for various conditions and disease processes that can impact the body altering fluid homeostasis.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The human body typically voids anywhere from 800 mL to 2,000 mL of urine each day. Urinary output that is either less than 800 mL/day or less than 30 mL/hour is considered oliguria. Urinary output that exceeds 2,000 mL/day is referred to as polyuria while the absence of all urine production is called anuria.

Test Taking Tip

Use your knowledge of medical terminology to break down each choice to answer this question correctly.

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