Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine #6


Which endocrine gland is responsible for growth hormone?


  1. Thyroid
    • Rationale:

      The thyroid gland does not secrete growth hormone. It secretes thyroid hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine.

  2. Hypothalamus
    • Rationale:

      The hypothalamus secretes growth hormone-releasing hormone, not growth hormone.

  3. Posterior pituitary
    • Rationale:

      The posterior pituitary secretes three hormones, but not growth hormone.

  4. Anterior pituitary
    • Rationale:

      The anterior pituitary secretes six different hormones, including growth hormone.


The endocrine system is the collection of glands. These glands produce hormones that regulate many functions within the body.


Learning Outcomes

Specific functions that are regulated by endocrine glands include, but are not limited to, growth and development, metabolism, mood, reproduction, sexual function, sleep, and tissue function. There are nine glands within the endocrine system. The pituitary gland is divided into three separate lobes. The anterior pituitary is responsible for the secretion of growth hormone.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the structure and function of each endocrine gland to answer this question correctly.

Video Rationale