Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine #20

Question

Which is a hormone secreted by the uterus during pregnancy?

Answers

  1. Inhibin
    • Rationale:

      Inhibin is secreted by the placenta, not the uterus, during pregnancy.

  2. Estrogen
    • Rationale:

      Estrogen is secreted by the placenta, not the uterus, during pregnancy.

  3. Prolactin
    • Rationale:

      Human prolactin is a hormone that is secreted by the uterus during pregnancy.

  4. Progesterone
    • Rationale:

      Progesterone is secreted by the placenta, not the uterus, during pregnancy.

Overview

The ovaries and the testes are both endocrine glands and gonads. A gonad is defined as a glandular reproductive structure.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

During pregnancy, specific hormones are produced to allow for fetal growth and development in addition to preparing the female body for childbirth. The uterus and the placenta are specific female reproductive organs that secrete hormones during pregnancy. The uterus secretes both prolactin and relaxin during pregnancy.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the hormones required to maintain a favorable uterine environment for the fetus and prepare the female body for pregnancy and breastfeeding to answer this question correctly.

Video Rationale