Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine #18

Question

Which hormone is secreted by the adrenal cortex?

Answers

  1. Adrenaline
    • Rationale:

      Adrenaline is a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla, not cortex.

  2. Aldosterone
    • Rationale:

      Aldosterone is produced in the adrenal cortex of the adrenal glands. These glands are located above the kidneys.

  3. Noradrenaline
    • Rationale:

      Noradrenaline is a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla, not cortex.

  4. Catecholamine
    • Rationale:

      Catecholamines are hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla, not cortex.

Overview

The adrenal gland has two primary sections that secrete hormones, the medulla and the cortex.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The adrenal cortex is the outer region of the adrenal gland. It produces hormones that are vital to life. These hormones include aldosterone which assists in the maintenance of blood pressure; cortisol which helps to regulate metabolism in addition to assisting the body in responding to stress; and androgens which are male hormones.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the structure and function of the adrenal glands to correctly answer this question.

Video Rationale