Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine #11

Question

Which student statement regarding the function of the hypothalamus requires clarification from the instructor?

Answers

  1. “The hypothalamus helps to maintain body temperature.”
    • Rationale:

      Maintaining body temperature is a function of the hypothalamus; therefore, this student statement does not require clarification from the instructor.

  2. “The hypothalamus helps to maintain fluid balance via the antidiuretic hormone.”
    • Rationale:

      Maintaining fluid balance as a result of the antidiuretic hormone is a function of the hypothalamus; therefore, this student statement does not require clarification from the instructor.

  3. “The hypothalamus stimulates the pituitary to release all of its different hormones.”
    • Rationale:

      The hypothalamus does stimulate the pituitary gland function via the releasing hormones; therefore, this student statement does not require clarification from the instructor.

  4. “The hypothalamus stimulates production of human milk via the corticotropin hormone.”
    • Rationale:

      While the hypothalamus plays a role in the production of human milk it does so via oxytocin and prolactin releasing hormones and not via the corticotropin hormone; therefore, this student statement requires clarification from the instructor.

Overview

The endocrine system is the collection of glands. These glands produce hormones that regulate many functions within the body.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

The hypothalamus is considered a master gland for the endocrine system. The hypothalamus secretes several hormones, including releasing hormones. As a result, the hypothalamus controls and coordinates many functions in the body. While the hypothalamus stimulates the production of human milk it is not due to the corticotropin hormone but oxytocin and prolactin releasing hormones.

Test Taking Tip

The terminology, “requires clarification” means that the correct answer is a false statement regarding the function of the hypothalamus.

Video Rationale