Anatomy & Physiology Circulatory #3

Question

Which artery does not carry oxygenated blood for distribution to the body?

Answers

  1. Renal artery
    • Rationale:

      The renal arteries carry blood from the heart to the kidneys. They branch directly from the aorta on either side and extend to each kidney.

  2. Carotid artery
    • Rationale:

      The carotid arteries are major blood vessels in the neck that supply blood to the brain, face, and neck within the body.

  3. Femoral artery
    • Rationale:

      The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh. It is the main supply of blood to the leg and thigh.

  4. Pulmonary artery
    • Rationale:

      The pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. It is the only artery within the human body to carry deoxygenated blood.

Overview

Overview: An artery is a vessel within the circulatory system.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes: Typically, arteries within the body carry oxygenated blood to the cells within the human body. There is one exception to this rule. The pulmonary arteries are the only arteries within the human body that carry deoxygenated blood. Specifically, the pulmonary arteries carry blood to the lungs for oxygenation to occur during pulmonary circulation.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the function of each answer choice to determine the correct answer for this question.

Video Rationale