Anatomy & Physiology Cardiac #16

Question

Which vital sign allows the nurse to monitor the patient’s heart rate?

Answers

  1. Pulse
    • Rationale:

      The pulse rate is monitored to assess the patient’s heart rate. The normal range for the heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute.

  2. Respirations
    • Rationale:

      Respirations are assessed to monitor the patient’s lungs and ventilations, not the heart rate.

  3. Blood pressure
    • Rationale:

      Blood pressure monitors the patient’s circulatory system. The systolic pressure monitors the force of the blood against artery walls when the heart beats while the diastolic pressure monitors the force of the blood against the artery walls when the heart is at rest.

  4. Body temperature
    • Rationale:

      Normal body temperature is the typical temperature range found in humans, although it can vary. The normal range is typically stated as 36.5 degrees Celsius (C) to 37.5 degrees C.

Overview

Vital signs are defined as clinical measurements that indicate the state of a patient’s essential body functions.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

There are four primary vital signs that nurses monitor as part of the assessment process. These vital signs include pulse, respiration, blood pressure (BP), and body temperature. In addition, pain is assessed as part of the vital sign process. Assessing a patient’s pulse allows the nurse to monitor the patient’s heart rate.

Test Taking Tip

Consider the definition of each choice to answer this question correctly.

Video Rationale