Acid Reducing Meds Pharmacology #3

Question

The nurse is reviewing a client’s medication list and identifies which medication ending with which suffix as a proton-pump inhibitor?

Answers

  1. “-tidine”
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because medications in the class of histamine (H2) receptor antagonists generally have the suffix of “-tidineâ€. These are commonly prescribed and taken medication used to also suppress gastric acid in clients needing to treat GERD or peptic ulcer disease.

  2. “-statin”
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because medications with a suffix of “-statin” are most associated with cholesterol lowering medications. Examples of these medications include, atorvastatin and lovastatin.

  3. “-sone”
    • Rationale:

      This answer is not correct because “-sone” is most associated with glucocorticoid medications often used to decrease inflammation in the body. This medication can actually cause peptic ulcer disease.

  4. “prazole”
    • Rationale:

      This answer is correct because PPIs have the suffix of “-prazoleâ€. Omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, and pantoprazole are commonly prescribed and taken PPIs. These are utilized to control acid secretion which can worsen symptoms of GERD and peptic ulcer disease. The client should be monitored for infection due to the risk of decreasing the natural protection found from the gastric acid. Otherwise, side effects include headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea.

Overview

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are medications which suppress gastric acid secretions. These medications are easily recognized since most have a suffix of “-prazole”.

Explanation

Learning Outcomes

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are medications which suppress gastric acid by inhibiting an enzyme that makes gastric acid. These medications are commonly prescribed for prevention of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or for treatment of peptic ulcers. PPIs often have the suffix of “-prazole”, which makes them more easily recognized. Many PPIs are available without a prescription and include omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, and pantoprazole. The client should be monitored for infection due to the risk of decreasing the natural protection found from the gastric acid. Otherwise, side effects include headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea.

Test Taking Tip

Many generic medications have prefixes and suffixes which will be good guides as to the medication class. Learning those will help the nurse recognize medications more quickly.

Video Rationale